An unusual set of circumstances will combine in the early hours of Monday morning in the skies above the northern hemisphere, resulting in a phenomenon called a super blood wolf moon.
Combining the above information has led many to call tonight's lunar event a "Super Blood Wolf Moon".
This weekend, a total lunar eclipse will give skywatchers a chance to see the moon turn a tiresome red as it slips into Earth's shadow. "At that time, the Earth's shadow will begin to pass in front of the moon, blocking nearly all of the sun's light from reaching it. Observers will see the moon appear to be progressively "swallowed up" starting from the lower left".
The reddish appearance of the moon is caused by the Earth's atmosphere filtering out blue light from the sunlight that reaches the moon. "At certain times during the orbit that means the moon will be closer to the Earth", said John Hart, Director of Smith Planetarium in Chickamauga.
A lunar eclipse will take place in the hours of darkness, and is combined with the moon being closer to the earth than usual, making it a super moon.
At the same time, the moon will be a full moon, and in January this is sometimes known as a "wolf moon".
"It is therefore only occasionally that it passes behind the Earth and the sun in a line". The beginning of the total eclipse phase will occur at 11:41 p.m. ET, according to NASA. And if you want to shoot it with your DSLR, read our sister site PCMag's guide to How to Photograph a Total Lunar Eclipse.
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All of these aspects of the full moon expected this weekend are what gives the January full wolf moon the full name of the January full wolf super blood moon.
In the United States, the edge of the Moon will begin to fall into shadow at about 7:33 pm on the West Coast and 10:33 pm on the East Coast, according to Nasa.
The final stages will begin shortly after that with the whole astronomical event wrapping up shortly before 1 a.m. Monday morning.
The actual color of the "blood moon" will differ depending on atmospheric conditions.
The next total eclipse will be visible from Europe on May 16, 2022.