Space mission: China launched a spacecraft on dark side of the moon

Китайцы отправили на Луну картошку

It's Official: A Lander Is Headed to The Far Side of The Moon

China has launched a rover to the far side of the moon in an ambitious bid to become the world's first to explore the lunar "dark side".

The Moon is tidally locked to Earth, rotating at the same rate that it orbits our planet, so the far side is never visible from Earth.

The country's first lunar probe, Chang'e-1, was launched in 2007, making China the fifth country to develop and launch a lunar probe on its own.

Chang'e-4 will be the second Chinese probe to land on the moon, following the Yutu ("Jade Rabbit") rover mission in 2013.

No other mission or any country till date, has attempted to land on the far side of the moon, as communication is cut off and there is no direct visibility from Earth.

"It is highly likely that with the success of Chang'e - and the concurrent success of the human spaceflight Shenzhou program - the two programs will eventually be combined toward a Chinese human spaceflight program to the Moon", she added.

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China has promoted global cooperation in its lunar exploration program, with four scientific payloads of the Chang'e-4 mission developed by scientists from Netherlands, Germany, Sweden and Saudi Arabia.

According to The Guardian, the mission of the Chinese space Agency has named Chang'e-4.

The mission will be supported by the Queqiao relay satellite, launched in May and placed in orbit beyond the Moon in June.

No lander or rover has ever touched the surface there, positioning China as the first nation to explore the area. Three scientific and technological experiments will also be carried out.

Another function of the mission is to study the interaction between solar winds and the moon surface using a new rover. They also can take advantage of the far side's shield against Earth's interference to make clearer observations into deep space, scientists involved in the program noted. US President Donald Trump instructed his government previous year to put a new space station into lunar orbit.

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