Carbon emissions forecast to hit record levels this year

India's emissions look set to continue their strong growth by an average of 6.3 per cent in 2018

India's emissions look set to continue their strong growth by an average of 6.3 per cent in 2018

"With this year's growth in emissions, it looks like the peak is not yet in sight".

Frank Bainimarama, prime minister of Fiji and president of last year's Cop climate talks, said nations must act now to stave off disaster.

World carbon dioxide emissions are estimated to have risen 2.7 percent from 2017 to 2018, according to three studies released Wednesday from the Global Carbon Project, an worldwide scientific collaboration of academics, governments and industry that tracks greenhouse gas emissions. This reverses a trend from 2014 until 2016, when global Carbon dioxide emissions leveled off after decades of growth.

It also said that although global coal use is still 3 per cent lower than its historical high, it is expected to grow in 2018, driven by growth in energy consumption in China and India.

Study lead author Corinne Le Quere, a climate change researcher at the University of East Anglia in England, said the increase is a surprising "reality check" after a few years of smaller emission increases. "But global energy growth, especially in oil, gas and coal, is effectively outpacing de-carbonisation efforts, fuelled by rising coal use and increasing demand for personal transport, freight, aviation and shipping", it said.

Niwa atmosphere-ocean scientist Dr Sara Mikaloff-Fletcher said the world needed to be reducing emissions quite aggressively if it was to keep the temperature rise below 1.5C.

Speaking during the United Nations' COP24 climate change conference in the southern Polish city of Katowice, Mateusz Morawiecki said: "I can proudly and without hesitation say that Poland is one of the leaders when it comes to measures undertaken to stop global warming".

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Meeting the goals put forth in the Paris agreement would be expected to save more than 1 million lives a year from air pollution alone by 2050, it says.

For the US, it was a combination of a hot summer and cold winter that required more electricity use for heating and cooling.

While the largest changes this year came from China and India, Democrats are urging the United States to play their part in decreasing emissions.

And the dust is still settling from US President Donald Trump's decision to ditch the Paris accord. In U.S., use of coal actually fell but fossil fuels used in vehicle journeys rose by 1.4%.

The year 2018 will be second consecutive year of carbon emission growth after reporting a three-year hiatus (2014-16).

Globally, coal-fired power accounts for 40% of Carbon dioxide emissions, and more than two-fifths of the world's electricity.

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